Thanks to our friends at Hivetool.com for the following which is specific to TN
Beekeeping Calendar of Management Practices: October
All tasks for the month
All tasks for the month
- Place entrance reducers in the entrance.
- Check each colony for a laying queen.
- Treat with Terramycin every seven days until three treatments are completed to prevent diseases or use an extender patty. [Note: Remember that best beekeeping practices developed through researching the use of antibiotics and pesticides recommend treating with Terranycin (or any other medication) only if the need is verified. Preventative treatment is NOT recommended as your bees may develop a tolerance to the treatment.]
- Leave one shallow super completely full of honey plus the honey in the brood chambers for winter's dining.
- Feed all colonies that do not have at least 40 pounds of honey stored. (A deep super or brood frame holds six pounds; a shallow super frame holds 2½ pounds.) A deep super completely filled will hold 60-80 pounds of honey. A shallow super completely filled will hold 25-30 pounds of honey.
- Feed a mixture of two parts of sugar to one part hot water if needed.
- Overwintering a Colony
- A colony of honey bees will over winter well when you prepare them for winter conditions. The colony must have enough bees to cover five or more brood frames. Smaller colonies usually will not survive the winter.
- A young prolific queen introduced into the colony in August lays a large number of eggs during September and October. The young bees emerging during the fall maintain the colony through the winter.
- Give the bees comb space for storing nectar and pollen in September and October. Remove the empty supers and store them under fumigation after mid October. A colony should have either two hive bodies and one super or one hive body and two supers during the winter. [Note: Some people use different combinations - like one hive body and one super for example. Depends upon different factors - like the type bees you have - some form a smaller winter ball. Also, there are different ways to store empty supers - try keeping them in a location where light will shine on the frames - another way to discourage wax moths. lmn]
- The upper hive body and the supers should be filled with honey. A colony should have at least 40 pounds of honey in mid October for winter stores. This is equal to one full super and six frames in the second super. One hive body filled with honey weighs about 60 pounds.
- Check the brood chamber for a laying queen and healthy brood in early October. Treat the colony three times at weekly intervals with Terramycin in sugar or once with a Terramycin extender patty. Treat with Fumidil-B in November. Give a colony one gallon of the Fumidil B medicated syrup. [Note: See comment earlier in this note about being sure you need to treat before you do so. lmn]
Reduce the entrance opening by inserting the entrance reducer in early
- Ventilate the top of the colony in November to vent excess moisture from the colony during the winter months. Vents and exits can be made by cutting slots 5/8 inch or wider through the inner cover cleat. Turn the slotted inner cover upside down - cleated side down and slide the outer cover forward over the hive.
- Have a great October!